So, What Are Exosomes?
The word “exosome” comes from the Greek meaning “outside” or “outer shell.” It refers to a small vesicle released by cells.
Exosomes are tiny, protein-coated bubbles. They exist in bodily fluids, such as blood, breast milk, saliva, and urine. Recently, they have been shown to play a role in regenerative medicine which is the science of using stem cells to repair and replace damaged tissues or organs to improve/restore function. Regenerative medicine uses body’s own repair mechanisms to restore normal anatomy and physiology.
As the name suggests, exosomes are released from cells into the surrounding environment, and due to their tiny size, only around 100 nanometers, it’s easy for them to pass through cell membranes and into other cells.
This characteristic makes them ideal for carrying information between cells; therefore, in regenerative medicine research, scientists use exosomes to deliver therapeutic molecules like drugs or proteins into other tissues.
How Do Exosomes Work?
Exosomes are like little messengers. They carry information from one cell to another, across the walls of blood vessels, and into other tissues.
When an exosome reaches its destination cell, these molecules allow it to dock with the cell and merge with it. Exosome then delivers RNA or DNA cargo to induce growth or repair processes within that cell type.
Exosomes also help regulate healthy cell growth. For example, when you’re pregnant, some exosomes from your placenta travel up your body to help your baby grow big enough for birth. Additionally, exosomes control how fast babies learn new things after they’re born. Therefore affecting babies behavioral characteristics later on in life.
Exosomes in Cosmetic and Medical Treatments
Some examples include the following:
1. Skin Rejuvenation
Exosomes stimulate the production of collagen and elastin. Two proteins essential for maintaining elasticity and the structure of the skin. Collagen and elastin production slows down as we age, causing our skin to start losing its elasticity. That is when exosmes come to a rescue.
Exosomes in cosmetic treatments help to restore volume loss, enhance skin tone, texture, and hydration, as well as lessen the appearance of wrinkles, reduce inflammation and damage caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
2. Acne Treatment
Acne affects around 50 million Americans annually. Exosomes applied topically can help prevent new breakouts from forming on your face or body.
Additionally, exosomes help lessen existing acne and prevent future breakouts by reducing inflammation and killing bacteria on the surface of your skin.
3. Hair Growth
Exosomes can be microneedled directly into an area of thinning hair to stimulate new growth.
Exosome treatment is also helpful for those who have lost their eyelashes and eyebrows due to chemotherapy treatments.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that causes pain and stiff joints. Exosomes treat osteoarthritis by reducing inflammation and enhancement of bone repair in the joints.
2. Cancer Treatment
Exosomes in cancer treatments are injected to deliver therapeutic proteins directly into the bloodstream at a lower cost than traditional treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy. The later treatment methods not only require expensive equipment but can involve significant risks of side effects.
3. Chronic Pain
In research, exosomes are used as part of treatment for chronic pain because they are shown to prevent neuropathic pain from developing after injury to the spinal cord or nerve roots in rats.
4. Autoimmune Diseases
Exosomes can be used to treat autoimmune illnesses. These diseases result when the immune system attacks healthy tissues instead of fighting off infections.
Therefore, exosomes from stem cells treat autoimmune diseases by reducing inflammation and stimulating immune tolerance to specific antigens.
5. Wound Healing
Exosomes are used in wound healing due to their ability to induce the formation of new blood vessels. Exosomes assist with tissue regeneration by transporting growth factors from stem cells to the damaged tissue.
Exosomes can be used as a treatment for damaged skin or other organs.
6. Cardiovascular Diseases
Exosomes in cardiovascular disease treatment prevent atherosclerotic plaques from forming in blood vessels. Exosomes also treat existing plaques that have formed within blood vessels by breaking them down into smaller pieces that can be removed by cells whose function is to remove foreign matter from the body.
Therefore, exosomes prevent further damage from occurring due to clogged arteries and by enabling a more efficient blood flow throughout the body.
Who Can Undergo Exosome Therapy?
Some of the individuals who can undergo the exosome treatment include those who are:
- Fighting cancer cells
- Want to Improve memory by stimulating stem cell activity in the brain
- Boost the immune system
- Repair damaged heart tissue after a heart attack or injury
- Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
- Those who want to improve their overall body look
Expected Results from Exosomes Treatment
After this treatment, expect the following changes.
- Improvement in tissue repair and regeneration.
- Reduced inflammation and pain.
- Enhanced immune function. Exosomes increase the number of T-cells in your body, which help fight off cancer cells and infections.
- Improvement in your skin appearance and texture. Exosomes are able to penetrate the skin and deliver their cargo of growth factors. These are proteins and other compounds that help promote healthier, more youthful-looking skin.
- Improved joint function and mobility
- Reduced scar tissue formation.
- Experience improved hair growth and thickness. Exosomes can deliver growth factors to the scalp to help promote hair growth and thickness.
What Next? Contact Laser Aesthetics Medical Spa North Scottsdale, AZ, for Your Body and Skin Care
Exosomes are a type of non-surgical treatment used to aid in reducing wrinkles, improving skin tone and texture, and reducing the appearance of scars. Exosome treatments can help rejuvenate the overall look and feel of your skin.
Laser Aesthetics Medical Spa North Scottsdale offers a variety of services to meet your cosmetic enhancement needs. Our experienced staff will provide you with the most technologically advanced treatments and procedures available today.
Get started today by contacting Laser Aesthetics Medical Spa North Scottsdale today for your complementary consultation.
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